While violations of FNL occurred in 2008, negotiations between FNL and the Government were successful. The ceasefire was restored and an agreement was signed on December 4 by which the Burundian government agreed to allocate 33 positions to FNL leaders in the government.1 Not all major parties to the conflict signed the agreement until 2003. During this three-year break, the implementation of the Disputes Committee began. A 29-member Implementation Monitoring Committee (IMC) was inaugurated on 27 November by former South African President Nelson Mandela. The UN Secretary-General has appointed Berhanu Dinka, the UN representative in the Great Lakes region, to head the IMC. The Committee was composed of representatives of all the signatories to the agreement, with the exception of Parena, a radical Tutsi party.1 The first meeting of the IMC was held on the 30th IMC had to reach agreement on issues relating to the transition, the timetable for its implementation and the proposal for a peacekeeping force. The second meeting was held on 1 December 2000 and was unable to resolve these issues3 The new round of talks was held in Arusha on 15 January 2001.4 Immediately after the signing of the agreement, the Government of Burundi submits to the United Nations a request for an international peacekeeping force, in accordance with and with the objectives set out in Article 27, before paragraph 5 of Protocol III to the Agreement. Account should be taken of the practice of the United Nations in this area. This force is particularly responsible: the international peacekeeping mission was not deployed in 2003.

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